Rome is an extraordinary museum city since
it has more than 50 different visual art museums and galleries. Some museums
also operate within the structure they represent, like the Catacombs. The
oldest art collection in Rome, housed in the Capitoline Museum was established
in 1471 and contains exceptional antiquities. Other Roman museums are the
National Museum of the Villa Giulia, which has an outstanding collection of
Etruscan and Roman art, and is located in the mid-sixteenth-century country
house of Pope Julius II (1443-1513).
The Borghese Gallery is a museum of paintings and sculpture and is housed
in an early 17 century palace. The National Roman Museum, designed by Michelangelo
(1475-1564) features exhibits of Greek and Roman sculpture, including the
Ludovisi collection of antiquities. Some important collections of art and
decorative pieces can also be seen in the city’s palaces. The Farnese Palace
was built between 1514 and 1589, Venetian Palace is a mid-fifteenth-century
place with a noted collection of small renaissance bronzes. The Palazzo Barberini
is a 17 century Baroque palace with a remarkable picture gallery.
Several archaeological museums within the city include Antiquarium Comunale,
Museo Barracco Corso Vittorio Emanuele, Capitoline Museums Piazza del Campidoglio,
Museo Della Guilts’ Romans Piazza Giovanni Angel, Museo Nazionale Romano,
and Museo Preistorico ed Etnografico L. Pigorini. You can visit Museo Gregoriano
Profane, Museo Pio Clementine, Museo Chiaramonti, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco,
Museo Storico, Castel .
Sant’Angelo Museum, National Roman Museum of the Thermae, Museum of Roman
Civilization, Natural History Museum, Napoleonic Museum, Palazzo Belle Esposizioni
Via Nazionale, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antics, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte
Moderns, Galleria dell; Accademia, Galleria Colonna Via delta Pilotta, and
Galleria Doris Pamphili for inspirational art. Museums and monuments dedicated
to the deceased are also popular places to visit in Rome. One rather unusual
place is an eclectic museum devoted to the dead souls trapped in purgatory
who leave messages for the living.